Equipment plays a vital role in infrastructure construction. Therefore, the type and operation and maintenance of equipment and machinery can directly improve productivity and efficiency while also improving environmental sustainability. Improved environmental benefits often result from improved equipment/technology; new and more efficient thermal power turbines produce fewer emissions, and the use bulb technology for hydropower generation results in smaller reservoir size and loss of land. Innovation is helping create more efficient construction equipment with fewer environmental impacts such as air emissions, noise levels and quantity and toxicity of wastes generated. Equipment now available in construction camps is used to more effectively and efficiently improve water quality, treat wastewater, provide renewable sources of energy, and improve waste recycling. Advances in environmental monitoring equipment (air, noise, water) can help provide additional data at less cost, and in many cases real-time data to enhance construction management and reduce environmental impacts and risks.