Water and Sanitation

Water is a fundamental necessity of society, vital for poverty reduction and economic growth. Access to water services, along with better and more equitable management of water resources, will benefit the poor through improved health, more jobs, increased food security, and make them less vulnerable to natural disasters. Water supply and sewage infrastructure systems are thus essential for society. Water infrastructure broadly includes water supply (integrated water management of water supply sources, water capture and transport, water treatment and distribution) and sanitation (wastewater collection, and subsequent treatment and disposal). Sustainable water management provides various benefits, such as improved water usage, reduced water loss, better water quality, and fewer impacts on human health, all of which lead to improved economic growth and quality of life. Given the significant energy and often chemical usage involved in water infrastructure, significant opportunities exist to improve environmental sustainability, including the use of more sustainable technologies and equipment. Sustainability includes integrated planning that covers the entire water cycle and associated infrastructure.

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