Social

Infrastructure project activities and equipment can increase community exposure to risks and impacts. An assessment of potential risks and impacts to the health, safety and security of the affected communities can establish the necessary preventive and control measures. Examples of potential social risks in infrastructure projects include: impacts on the health, safety and well-being of project-affected communities; negative economic and social impacts relating to the involuntary taking of land, restriction of access to natural resources or loss of economic income; impacts or risks associated with land and natural resource tenure and use; risks to cultural heritage; threats to human security through the escalation of personal, communal or inter-state conflict, crime or violence; risks that project impacts fall disproportionately on disadvantaged or vulnerable groups; or prejudice or discrimination towards individuals or groups in providing access to development resources and project benefits, particularly in the case of disadvantaged or vulnerable groups. Equally, social inclusion should be a key component of infrastructure development. Inclusion helps empower all citizens to participate in, and benefit from, the development process. Incorporating social benefits and inclusion into infrastructure projects helps provide enhanced sustainable economic development, increased project acceptance by local communities, and helps improve quality of life and basic human rights and dignity.