Stakeholder Participation

Effective stakeholder engagement can improve the environmental and social sustainability of projects and enhance project acceptance. In particular, effective community engagement suitable to the nature and scale of the project promotes sound and sustainable environmental and social performance, and can lead to improved financial, social and environmental outcomes, and enhanced community benefits. It help build strong, constructive, and responsive relationships that are essential for the successful management of a project’s environmental and social risks and impacts. Stakeholder engagement is most effective when initiated at an early stage, and continues throughout the life-cycle of the project. It is an integral part of the assessment, management and monitoring of the project’s environmental and social risks and impacts. Open and transparent engagement with the communities affected by the project, project workers, and, where appropriate, other stakeholders is an essential element of good international practice. Stakeholder engagement should be an ongoing process involving: identification of stakeholders and their concerns; disclosure of appropriate project information; meaningful consultation with stakeholders; and establishment of a mechanism by which people can make comments on project proposals and performance or raise grievances. Stakeholder participation in infrastructure projects should be in a manner commensurate with the project risks to and impacts on affected communities.