Environmental Management

Environmental management in infrastructure projects is intended to properly manage the interaction and impact of project-related activities on the natural environment. The goal is to ensure that ecosystem services and biodiversity are protected and maintained for equitable use by future human generations. It can also help in improving environmental sustainability, for example by reducing water, energy and material consumption. A mitigation hierarchy approach should: (a) anticipate and avoid risks and impacts; (b) where avoidance is not possible, minimize risks and impacts; (c) once risks and impacts have been minimized, mitigate; and (d) where residual risks or impacts remain, compensate for or offset them according to financial and technical feasibility, as appropriate. Environmental management should occur in all phases of a project cycle, and adaptive management should be used to make modifications needed to reflect changes in project characteristics and improvements based on lessons learned. Key components of environmental management include: Environmental Management Plans and Systems, Environmental Monitoring, and Environmental Supervision. Important elements of environmental management are stakeholder involvement and participation and, as applicable, establishing contractual or binding requirements to implement environmental management measures. Environmental management is linked with the management of social and labor aspects and worker and community health and safety.

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