Plan and Systems

The fundamental way to prevent, mitigate and monitor potential occupational safety and health (OSH) impacts and risks in infrastructure projects is through the development and implementation of an OSH Plan or OSH Management System (OSHMS). The focus should be on a detailed, functional plan and system that reflects project-specific characteristics (e.g., construction works, OSH risks, worker characteristics, legal regulatory requirements, etc.) and can be implemented readily by actual project workers, thereby increasing the likelihood of effective and efficient impact and risk prevention and mitigation. An effective plan/system provides for the systematic identification, evaluation, and prevention or control of the “project-specific” known and potential workplace and job hazards that may arise from foreseeable conditions. The plan/system should be designed and implemented to address, in accordance with project requirements: (a) the identification of potential hazards to project workers, particularly those that may be life-threatening; (b) the provision of preventive and protective measures, including modification, substitution, or elimination of hazardous conditions or substances; (c) the training of project workers and maintenance of training records; (d) the documentation and reporting of occupational accidents, diseases and incidents; and (e) emergency prevention, preparedness and response arrangements. Key components include: OSH organization, OSH objectives and programs, competence, training and awareness, prevention and control measures, emergency prevention, preparedness and response plan, performance measurement and monitoring, ill health investigation, non-conformance, preventive and corrective actions, and OSH management system evaluation and improvements.