Sound infrastructure projects can positively affect the social, environmental, and economic fabric of local communities by providing infrastructure services and thus improving economic development, poverty reduction, social inequality reduction, quality of life, and environmental management and use of natural resources. Sustainable infrastructure projects should aim to not only to prevent and mitigate the negative environmental and social impacts of projects, but also to attempt to maximize the project’s benefits and positive impacts. These relate not only to those direct project benefits (e.g., increased employment, economic development, etc.), but also to the implementation of specific programs (components) that will provide environmental and social benefits (e.g., community investment programs). Moving beyond negative impact mitigation towards more environmentally sustainable programs and projects offers additional benefits and project stakeholders are increasingly demanding and expecting environmental sustainability to be integrated into infrastructure projects. Successful execution of infrastructure projects is enhanced by building long-term relationships with communities where the projects are located. Thus, it is important to identify new opportunities to build mutually beneficial relationships.  

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