Planning and Design

Infrastructure planning consists of system planning and project-specific planning. System planning can include various actions such as infrastructure system (sector) planning, capacity needs, alternative assessments, feasibility studies, and prioritization of projects based upon assessment of available financial resources. Environmental sustainability should be an important component of sector policy and strategic planning development, and can help improve environmental and community considerations early in the decision-making process and the capacity of public sector procurement regarding environmental sustainability. Project planning and design includes various aspects, such as alternative analysis, concept design, feasibility analysis, environmental and social assessments, and public and stakeholder participation. It may also include the detailed design and development of contractor subcontracts, specifications, and preconstruction documents. The project design stage is a critical step to incorporating sound environmental, social, and health and safety management and sustainability-based actions into the project, including as design specifications and contract requirements for the construction of the project. For example, criteria can be used during the initial scoping and design stage and to assist in establishing design criteria and potential mitigation strategies and to monitor and assess the project’s performance and sustainability.